Geography        
           
   
Established on July 1, 1867, Canada is consisted of 10 provinces and 3 territories, and it is the second largest country in the world. Nearly 90% of the population is concentrated within 160 km of the US / Canada border.
       
  Climate / Weather  
The climate in Canada various from region to region. While in some northern part of the country, the temperature only goes above 0 degree for a few months a year, most Canadians reside in the southern part of the country where there are gentle springs, hot summers, pleasant fall and winter.
 
 
     
             
Weather conditions in major cities of Canada
  Coldest month Warmest month

Average high

Average low

Average high

Average low
Charlottetown

-3.4 °C

-12.2 °C

23.1 °C

13.6 °C

Halifax

-1.5 °C

-10.6 °C

23.4 °C

13.2 °C

Montreal

-5.8 °C

-14.9 °C

26.2 °C

15.4 °C

Toronto

-1.3 °C

-7.9 °C

26.5 °C

17.6 °C

Winnipeg

-13.2 °C

-23.6 °C

26.1 °C

13.4 °C

Edmonton

-8.2 °C

-17 °C

23 °C

12 °C

Calgary

-3.6 °C

-15.7 °C

-15.7 °C

-15.7 °C

Vancouver

5.7 °C

0.1 °C

21.7 °C

12.9 °C

Victoria

6.5 °C

0.3 °C

21.8 °C

10.7 °C

ƨӷ: Statistics Canada