Skilled workers now need to go through the Express Entry Programs to apply for permanent residence. The Express Entry however handles applications for 3 programs:
A comparison table of the three programs can be found in IRCC’s website. Here we focus on the Federal Skilled Worker Program which is more common for applicants not residing in Canada.
To qualify for the program, applicants must meet minimum requirements for
Step 1: Calculating your scores
Applicants first need to find out their scores in two similar but different scoring systems:
|Federal Skilled Worker points
(FSW, 67 points or above to pass)
|Other than the three minimum requirements mentioned above, this FSW score will determine if an applicant qualify for the Federal Skilled Worker Program
|Six factors are considered and applicants need to score 67 points or higher
|If an applicant scores lower than 67 points, he/she is not qualify for FSW program no matter how many Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) points they score and cannot enter into the Express Entry Pool
|Comprehensive Ranking System score
(CRS score, the higher the better)
|To rank applicants in the Express Entry (EE) pool
|Similar factors for calculating the FSW scores are considered but with different weight and mechanism for calculating the scores
|Additional points are given based on IRCC’s immigration priorities, such as French language skills, siblings residing in Canada as a PR / Citizen
Step 2: Create an EE profile and Enter the EE pool
If an applicant gain more than 67 FSW points, the next step is to create an EE profile in the IRCC portal and enter the EE pool. Their CRS scores will be used for ranking all EE profiles in the pool.
Step 3: Wait for the draw and ITA
IRCC conduct irregular draws and announce a score, those EE profiles with CRS score at or above the announced scores (tie-breaker rule applies) will receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA).
Step 4: Have supporting documents ready and submit the PR application online through IRCC’s portal
Step 5: Undergo medical check, collect police certificates, and wait for PR application results